Places to visit
It 'a little difficult to make a complete and detailed list of the beauties of Salento why those listed below are examples that you cite. Some of the places and monuments, perhaps the most famous and most beautiful, not to be missed for those who want to enrich their cultural background:
The crypts Byzantine: testimonies of the most important of the Byzantine domination in Salento, are present throughout the territory from Brindisi to Taranto to Lecce. The closest to us is found in Carpignano Salentino the Crypt of Santa Marina and Cristina who, by the way, is one of the most ancient frescoes dating. But also in Otranto in his cathedral and we find in many other small countries like Giurdignano with Crypt of the Saviour or Vast with the Crypt of Saints Stefani. The Byzantine crypts are an almost compulsory step for cultural tourism and are crucial for the tourist who wants to rediscover the roots of genuine religiosity.
Crushers Hypogeum: the area is full of them. From Presicce to Sternatia in Carpignano. It was a fundamental part of the agricultural economy of the Salento. Also called "trappeti" the work that took place in them was hard and tiring. All dug in the ground to allow the oil to be extracted (needed a minimum temperature of 6 °) who worked there did not came out, sometimes for months.
Over the years many have been closed but some countries are very well kept by municipalities or associations involved in the careful preservation of the territory and their history.
The menhirs: Martano is one of the highest (4.70 meters) the Menhir de Santu Totaru
from the greek "men hir" long stone, often placed at intersections of major roads are attributed to the Iron Age and are thought to have been used as signs.
In almost every country there is one and Giurdignano there are about 15. In the age medieval even were "Christianized" incidendovi over a cross and even today, in many countries, the traditional Palm Sunday procession ends in front of one of these menhirs.
The Dolmen: source archaic, are the first example of a tomb built by man in Salento. The word comes from the Breton Dolmen Tol or Tuol (table) and men (stone)
Built by a horizontal slab resting on stones worked into the ground vertically and infitte.
It contanto less than thirty now all over the Salento territory and an example is in Calimera the Dolmen La Placa or Zollino, Melendugno, Maglie.
The Specchie: messapica were probably the source of man-made mounds with stones of different sizes and are thought to have served as an observation because they are on higher ground than the surrounding area. Some people thought to have been places of worship or tombs of warriors.
Castles and ducal palaces and baronial: in different periods of history there have been several this colonizing who built and in some cases modified existing ones, military fortresses.
From the Castle of Charles V built by King Charles V (1539-1549) in Lecce built on pre-existing medieval castle of King Tancredi, now used for exhibitions and cultural performances of various kinds it is one of the flagship monuments of the city of Lecce.
A Corigliano d'Otranto at Castle De Monti unique was described as the most beautiful military monument ever built. Recently restored hosts also exhibitions and various events that enliven the summer nights.
Castle Acaja, here in addition to the castle, the entire village is to visit because time seems to stand still
the sixteenth century. It 'a village unique and still can not circulate in the car inside.
Castello Aragonese in Otranto is the defensive stronghold of this city, damaged several times over the centuries has seen many changes until the Saracen attack of 1480; It was later expanded and equipped with the towers with gunboats. You can now walk through the majestic walls and appreciate the details that have made this one of the important castle for the military architecture of the time. Today there are various cultural events that alternate and for some years, in the summer, there are international exhibitions.
The city of baroque: the end of the '500 and for the next two centuries Lecce and many neighboring countries have been overwhelmed by a current which provided architectural decorations garish of all buildings, particularly everything that covered cathedrals, castles and churches had It is framed with lavish frills. Everything was easy thanks to the typical stone of Lecce that was easily processed. All this decorated in a sumptuous became known as Lecce Baroque.
We start from Lecce with some of the most extraordinary examples such as the Basilica of Santa Croce, Palazzo dei Celestini or the Duomo to switch between different city centers like Galatina with its Mother Church; Piazza Salandra and the Monument De Nardo The Hosanna in one of the most populous center citizens after Lecce. The Cathedral of St. Agatha and the Palace portal Tafuri in Gallipoli.
These are are some of the places to visit, perhaps the most important, to learn about and appreciate the Baroque Lecce.